Natural Skin Care Newsletter - March 2008


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Natural Skin Care Newsletter: March Issue

Natural Skin Care Products by Wildcrafted Herbal Products

Introduction

Welcome to the March Issue of the Natural Skin Care Newsletter. This month we have a mix of articles covering interesting research, hints and tips, an article to make you laugh and maybe think, and of course Kitty presents part 2 of the article on How to Plan and Prepare for Your Pet’s Safety in the Event of an Emergency Home Evacuation.

Happy reading


Index of the March Issue of the Natural Skin Care Newsletter:

(You can click on the topics below which will take you to the article of choice on this page, or simply scroll down and read each one)

Articles:

Feature Article: Farnesol and Your Skin
(by Danny & Susan Siegenthaler)

Just for Laughs
(Author Unknown)

Article: Hints & Tips on How To Make Your Wildcrafted Products Go Further
(by Danny & Susan Siegenthaler)

About a herb of interest - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum (L.)
(by Danny & Susan Siegenthaler)

Kitty's Corner - How to Plan and Prepare for Your Pet’s Safety in the Event of an Emergency Home Evacuation (Part 2)
(by Kitty the Cat)

 

Newsletter - March 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farnesol and Your Skin

 

What is Farnesol? I hear you ask.
Fair question. Farnesol is a natural substance contained in some essential oils such as rose, orange blossom, and in herbs such as Lily of the valley. Farnesol is reputed to smooth wrinkles and increase the skin’s elasticity. It is also thought to reduce skin aging by promoting regeneration of cells and activation of the synthesis of molecules, such as collagen, that are required for healthy skin.

In addition farnesol is also know for its ability to kill the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (also known as ‘golden staph’), which is usually present in atopic dry skin, and not only in regions seriously affected by atopic dermatitis.

Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) discharges various toxins and enzymes that injure the skin, and forms a biofilm (a biological film or barrier) from fibrin fiber and glycocalyx (a gelatinous polysaccharide and/or polypeptide outer covering. This material produced by the bacteria forms the structural matrix of biofilm.); the biofilm is important for adhesion of the bacteria to the skin and for resistance to anti-microbial agents (Masakoa et al., 2005).

In other words, the bacteria (S. aureus) makes a biofilm that helps it to propagate and resist other substances (eg: creams) to interfere with it. In this way, the biofilm acts like a barrier between the skin and the product you apply to your skin.

Farnesol however has been show by Masakao, et al. (2005) to break down this biofilm kills this bacteria, thus creating a ‘way through’ the biofilm and helping to destroy it and the S. aureus bacteria at the same time.

Now we all know that dry skin has a greater tendency to developing fine lines and wrinkles and is generally more susceptible to irritation and allergic reactions than normal or oily skin. So it stands to reason that the use of natural substances that contain this little miracle called ‘farnesol’ would make a lot of sense.

As stated earlier, there are a number of essential oils and herbal extracts that naturally contain farnesol, these include: Rose oil, orange blossom, and the herb Lily of the valley. Essential oil of Rose (an ingredient in our Age Defying Essence, Rose Day Crème, as well as other products in our range) is know for its actions on eczema, redness of the skin and mature skin, and it is highly recommended in the treatment of sensitive, irritated or inflamed skin (Tisserand, 1992).

Knowing that one of the active substances in rose oil is farnesol, it makes sense that skin care products containing the pure essential oil of rose are actually going to help the skin recover and regenerate, by breaking down any biofilm created by the S. aureus bacteria.

Rose oil has no equal in skin care for moisturising, firming, smoothing and repairing the skin. In so doing, it produces no irritation, being cooling, and is calming and soothing to the skin. Rose oil also has a beneficial effect on broken, superficial capillaries and is therefore ideal for mature, dry and/or sensitive skin types.

References:

  • Katsuyama Masakoa, Kobayashi Yusukea, Ichikawa Hideyukia, Mizuno Atsukob, Miyachi Yoshikic, Matsunaga Kayokod and Kawashima Makotoe (2005) A novel method to control the balance of skin microflora Part 2. A study to assess the effect of a cream containing farnesol and xylitol on atopic dry skin. Journal of Dermatological Science. Volume 38, Issue 3, Pages 207-213.
  • Tisserand, R. (1992) The Art of Aromatherapy. The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd., England.

 

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Just for Laughs

 

They are out there and have all the rights you have!

While looking at a house, my brother asked the real estate agent which direction was north because, he explained, he didn't want the sun waking him up every morning. She asked, "Does the sun rise in the North?" When my brother explained that the sun rises in the East, (and has for some time), she shook her head and said, "Oh, I don't keep up with that stuff."

...She also votes!

I used to work in technical support for a 24x7 call centre. One day I got a call from an individual who asked what hours the call centre was open. I told him, "The number you dialled is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week."

He responded, "Is that Eastern or Pacific time?" Wanting to end the call quickly, I said, "Uh, Pacific."

...He also votes!

So my colleague and I were eating our lunch in our cafeteria, when we overheard one of the admin. assistants talking about the sunburn she got on her weekend drive to the shore. She drove down in a convertible, but "didn't think she'd get sunburned because the car was moving."

...She also votes!

My sister in-law has a lifesaving tool in her car. It's designed to cut through a seatbelt if she gets trapped. She keeps it in the trunk.

...My sister in-law also votes!

My friends and I were on a beer run and noticed that the cases were discounted 10%. Since it was a big party, we bought 2 cases. The cashier multiplied 2 times 10% and gave us a 20% discount.

...He also votes!

I was hanging out with a friend when we saw a woman with a nose ring attached to an earring by a chain. My friend said, "Wouldn't the chain rip out every time she turned her head?" I explained that a person's nose and ear remain the same distance apart no matter which way the head is turned.

...My friend also votes!

My girlfriend and I were picking up some sandwiches from the sub place last week and she asked the clerk which of two sandwiches was better. The clerk didn't have an opinion but did say that the first sandwich was more expensive. My girlfriend got a quizzical look on her face and asked, "If that's the case, why are they both listed with the same price on the menu?"

To this, the clerk responded, "I don't think we add tax to the turkey."

...The clerk also votes!
 
I couldn't find my luggage at the airport baggage area. So I went to the lost luggage office and told the woman there that my bags never showed up.

She smiled and told me not to worry because she was a trained professional and I was in good hands. "Now," she asked me, "has your plane arrived yet?"

...She also votes!

Well, I hope these little snippets gave you all something to chuckle and think about..

 

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Hints & Tips on How To Make Your Wildcrafted Products Go Further

 

Many of our customers, especially new customers, tend to go through their moisturisers much quicker than is actually necessary.

To help you get the most from our products here are a few simple steps you can take to make your products last longer and go further.

  1. Apply the moisturiser to a damp/moist skin. The residual water on your damp skin will help to spread the product, especially moisturisers, further and therefore last longer.
  2. Use less then you think you'll need. New customers, used to a different brand of products, tend to be heavy handed with our products and apply far too much resulting in left-over product on their hands that ends up going to waste.
    Start using much less than you think and see how far the product will go, then, if necessary apply a little more. You'll soon get the feel for the products and after a few days you'll know how much you'll need to use.
  3. Make sure you regularly use an exfoliant. By using an exfoliant you reduce the number of dry, dead skin cells covering the surface of your skin. These dead skin cell, being very dry, will soak up any moisture you put on your skin resulting in less of the moisturiser getting to living skin cells underneath.
    Removing dry, dead skin cells also reduces the surface area of the skin and thus your moisturiser will go much further.
  4. Use a non-alcohol based toner, such as our Milk of Roses Toner or the Wild Herb Toner. Alcohol based toners dry out your skin and will actually draw moisture from your skin - this is the opposite of what a good quality toner should do.
    Using a good quality toner will help to reduce further moisture loss after cleansing and will close opened skin pores. This will help in reducing surface area and therefore reduce the amount of moisturiser you'll need.

 

 

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About An Interesting Herb: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum (L.))

 

Biological Name:
HerbTrigonella foenum-graecum (L.)

Family:
Fabacae

Other Names: 
Hu Lu Ba

Parts Used:
Seed, fresh leaves2

Active Compounds: 
According to the University of Graz, the following main constituents are present in Fenugreek:

Fenugreek seeds contains only minute quantities of an essential oil. In the essential oil, 40 different compounds were found, furthermore, n-alkanes, sesquiterpenes, alkanoles and lactones were reported.3

The dominant aroma component in fenugreek seeds is a hemiterpenoid γ-lactone, sotolone (3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone), which is contained in concentrations up to 25 ppm. It supposedly forms by oxidative deamination of 4-hydroxy-isoleucine. Sotolone has a spicy flavour and was also found a key flavour in fermented protein seasonings, e.g., Maggi sauce. There is chemical similarity between sotolone and the phthalides responsible for the quite similar flavour of lovage leaves3. (ACS Symposium Series, 660, 1997)

Toasted fenugreek seeds owe their altered, more nutty flavour to another type of heterocyclic compounds, the so-called pyrazines. See cumin for further information.3

Fenugreek leaves were found to contain small amounts of sesquiterpenes (cadinene, α-cadinol, γ-eudesmol and α-bisabolol). (Journal of Essential Oil Research, 16, 356, 2004)3

Among the non-volatile components of fenugreek seeds, the furostanol glycosides are probably responsible for the bitter taste; among the several more compounds yet identified, steroles and diosgenin derivatives (of potential interest for the pharmaceutical industry) and trigonellin (N-methyl-pyridinium-3-carboxylate, 0.4%) are most worth noting.3

 

History:
A wide range of uses were found for fenugreek in ancient times. Medicinally it was used for the treatment of wounds, abscesses, arthritis, bronchitis, and digestive problems. Traditional Chinese herbalists used it for kidney problems and conditions affecting the male reproductive tract. Fenugreek was, and re-mains, a food and a spice commonly eaten in many parts of the world.

 

Traditional Applications in Herbal Medicine:


Western Herbal Applications:

Actions:

Expectorant, demulcent, tonic, galactogogue.4

Indications:

  • Inflammation of the skin - wounds, boils, sores, fistulas and tumours4
  • Indigestion4, Dyspepsia2, Diarrhoea2.
  • Insufficient lactation4, Stimulating development of the breasts4.

Chinese Herbal Applications:

Hu Lu Ba (Fenugreek Seed) has bitter and warm properties affecting the Kidney and Liver channels.5

Its Clinical uses include:

  • Warms the Kidneys, disperses Cold and alleviates pain: used for Kidney Yang Xu patterns with accumulation of Cold and Qi Stagnation. Symptoms include: Abdominal or hypochonriac distension and/or pain; or hernia like disorders.4
  • Also used for Cold Damp Leg Qi.4
  • Research has shown that Hu Lu Ba is useful in both the prophylaxis and treatment of mountain sickness, but is not as effective as Ginger.4

Other indications include:

  • Taken as a tea for simple infective conditions like colds and sinus problems. Produces perspiration. Take in early stages of viral and bacterial infections of the respiratory tract. Also for bronchitis, fevers (reduces), and as a gargle for sore throats.
  • Used in poultice form for skin inflammations. Helps normalize skin function and is used in cases of acne.
  • Used for flatulence and digestive problems.
  • Used to treat diabetes.
  • Regulates pituitary gland to control appetite. Helps with difficulty of fat absorption.

 

Safety:

Use of more than 100 grams of seeds daily can cause intestinal upset and nausea. Otherwise, fenugreek is extremely safe.

 

References:

  1. Grieve, M. (1977). A Modern Herbal. Penguin Books Ltd, England.
  2. Stuart, Malcolm (1979). The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1979.
  3. University of Graz - Website: http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Trig_foe.html
  4. Hoffmann, David (1983). The Holistic Herbal: A herbal celebrating the wholeness of life. Findhorn Press, Scotland.
  5. Bensky, D. Gamble, A. and Kaptchuk, T. (1986) Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica. Eastland Press, Michigan.

 

 

The information provided here is not for the purpose of self diagnosis or self treatment. It is provided for the sole purpose of providing general information about herbs used in herbal medicine. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

 

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We hope you enjoyed these articles and invite you to send us suggestions of topics you would like to see us cover in the coming months.

Your suggestions are always welcome and we endeavour to cover the topics you would like to know more about - so don't be shy, drop us a line or two!

 

In good health

Danny & Susan Siegenthaler

 

© Copyright: Wildcrafted Herbal Products, 2008

 

Wildcrafted's Natural Skin Care Newsletter - Back Issues

Kitty's Corner

Kitty

Hello to you all, and a hearty Miau.

I hope you found last month's article interesting and helpful.

This month we'll look at part II of How to Protect Your Pet In a Disaster

Prepare to Shelter Your Pet (Part II)

Call your local emergency management office, animal shelter, or animal control office to get advice and information.

If you are unable to return to your home right away, you may need to board your pet. Find out where pet boarding facilities are located. Be sure to research some outside your local area in case local facilities close.

Most boarding kennels, veterinarians and animal shelters will need your pet's medical records to make sure all vaccinations are current. Include copies in your "pet survival" kit along with a photo of your pet.

NOTE: Some animal shelters will provide temporary foster care for owned pets in times of disaster, but this should be considered only as a last resort.

If you have no alternative but to leave your pet at home, there are some precautions you must take, but remember that leaving your pet at home alone can place your animal in great danger! Confine your pet to a safe area inside -- NEVER leave your pet chained outside! Leave them loose inside your home with food and plenty of water. Remove the toilet tank lid, raise the seat and brace the bathroom door open so they can drink. Place a notice outside in a visible area, advising what pets are in the house and where they are located. Provide a phone number where you or a contact can be reached as well as the name and number of your vet.

During a Disaster

Bring your pets inside immediately.

Have newspapers on hand for sanitary purposes. Feed the animals moist or canned food so they will need less water to drink.

Animals have instincts about severe weather changes and will often isolate themselves if they are afraid. Bringing them inside early can stop them from running away. Never leave a pet outside or tied up during a storm.

Separate dogs and cats. Even if your dogs and cats normally get along, the anxiety of an emergency situation can cause pets to act irrationally. Keep small pets away from cats and dogs.

In an emergency, you may have to take your birds with you. Talk with your veterinarian or local pet store about special food dispensers that regulate the amount of food a bird is given. Make sure that the bird is caged and the cage is covered by a thin cloth or sheet to provide security and filtered light.

After a Disaster

If after a disaster you have to leave town, take your pets with you. Pets are unlikely to survive on their own.

In the first few days after the disaster, leash your pets when they go outside. Always maintain close contact. Familiar scents and landmarks may be altered and your pet may become confused and lost. Also, snakes and other dangerous animals may be brought into the area with flood areas. Downed power lines are a hazard.

The behavior of your pets may change after an emergency. Normally quiet and friendly pets may become aggressive or defensive. Watch animals closely. Leash dogs and place them in a fenced yard with access to shelter and water.

For now, Miau from me, until next month.

Paw

Source: The Humane Society of the United States.

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