Medicinal Herbs used in Wildcrafted Herbal Products' Therapeutic Creams and Compounds

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Medicinal Herb: Stone Root (Collinsonia canadensis)

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Disclaimer: This article is not intended to provide diagnosis, treatment or medical advice. Content provided on this page is for informational purposes only. Please consult with a physician or other healthcare professional regarding any medical or health related diagnosis or treatment options. Information on this page should not be considered as a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. The claims made about specific products throughout this article are not approved to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.


The plant has a four-sided stem, from 1 to 4 feet in height, and bears large, greenish-yellow flowers. It grows in moist woods and flowers from July to September. The rhizome is brown-grey, about 4 inches long, knobby, and very hard. The whole plant has a strong, disagreeable odour and a pungent and spicy taste. The chief virtue of the plant is in the root, which should always be used fresh.



Stone Root

Biological Name:
Collinsonia canadensis


Other Names:
Stone Root, hardhack, horseweed, heal-all, knob grass, knob root, richweed

Parts Used:
Root and rhizome

Active Compounds:
Essential oil
Organic acid

Traditional Applications in Herbal Medicine:
Sedative, antispasmodic, anti-lithic, astringent, tonic, diaphoretic, diuretic.

Stone Root is used mainly in the treatment and prevention of stone and gravel in the urinary system and the gall-bladder. It can be used as a prophylactic but is also excellent when the body is in need of help in passing stones of gravel. It is also a strong diuretic.

Traditional herbalists have used stone root for hemorrhoids, catarrhal gastritis, pain in the rectum, heart tonic, rheumatic inflammation, laryngitis, pharyngitis, clergyman's sore throat, dysentery, ulcers, fistula, inflammation of the middle ear, acute cystitis, and vaginismus.

Combinations : For urinary stone and gravel, it may be combined with Parsley Piert, Gravel Root, Pellitory of the Wall or Hydrangea.

Other indications include:
  • Tonic (for capillaries and digestive system), astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, sedative, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antilithic, vulnerary, hepatic tonic, peripheral vasodilator, alterative.
  • Decoction of the fresh root used for catarrh of the bladder, for leucorrhea, gravel and dropsy.
  • Useful in all complaints of the urinary organs and rectum. Once a popular hemorrhoid remedy. For hemorrhoids a salve is made using equal parts Goldenseal and Stoneroot with a small amount of Thuja oil or Tea tree oil. Also used for spasms or fissures of the rectum.
  • Used externally (especially the leaves) as poultices and fomentations for bruises, wounds, sores, cuts and as a gargle (1 part fluid extract to 3 parts water).
  • Used internally for kidney and urinary stones, cystitis, diarrhea, and gastroenteritis.. Combined with Parsley piert, Gravel root, Pellitory of the Wall or Hydrangea for stones and gravel in the urinary system and gall bladder, not only to treat, but for prevention as well.
  • Used for indigestion accompanied by constipation. Used to relieve muscle spasms especially of the digestive tract. Also used for headaches caused by poor digestion.
  • Used to strengthen weak veins (ie. varicose).
  • Tones and improves mucous membranes and especially those of the pelvic area. Useful when circulation to the pelvis is insufficent and accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in that area.
  • The name Clergyman's Friend comes from the ability to help sore or hoarse throats (as gargle or tincture added to honey and taken 4 or 5 times daily). Formerly, a syrup was used for inflammation of the throat (ie.laryngitis, chronic cough) and for middle ear problems.
  • Also used for headache, chronic bronchitis, colic, cramps, dropsy, indigestion, problems of pregnancy, proctitis, pruritus vulvae, and rheumatism.
  • Externally, the leaves are used as a fomentation and poultice for bruises, sprains, wounds, inflammations, contusions, cuts, ulcers, sores and also made into an ointment for rectal application.
  • Native Americans used the root and leaves as a wash for cuts and wounds.
Decoction: Put 1-2 teaspoonfuls of the dried root in a cup of water, bring to boiling and simmer for 10-15 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day.

Tincture: take 1-2 ml of the tincture three times a day.

No information available. Some herbs are known to react with your medication. Please consult your physician before starting on any herb.

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