Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) is a Medicinal Herb used in Wildcrafted Herbal Products' Therapeutic Creams and Compounds.

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Medicinal Herbs & Therapeutic Botanicals

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Botanicals: German Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla, M. recutita)

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Disclaimer: This article is not intended to provide diagnosis, treatment or medical advice. Content provided on this page is for informational purposes only. Please consult with a physician or other healthcare professional regarding any medical or health related diagnosis or treatment options. Information on this page should not be considered as a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. The claims made about specific products throughout this article are not approved to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.


Wild Chamomile or German Chamomile was previously called M. Chamomilla, but in botanical terms it is not a true chamomile and it is also sometimes called Sweet False Chamomile. Although now considered slightly inferior to Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) - even its aroma being somewhat less pronounced - there is no certainty which of the chamomiles was meant by the chamaimelon of Dioscorides (Stuart, 1979).

Today both C. nobile and M. recutita are used for similar purposes. The name, Matricaria, is either from the root word mater meaning mother or from matrix, the Latin for womb, after its use for treating female complaints (Stuart, 1979).

Botanicals: German Chamomile


German Chamomile


Plant picBiological Name: Matricaria chamomilla

Family: Compositae

Other Names:  Camomile, matricaria, anthemis, ground apple, Roman camomile, garden camomile, low camomile, whig plant, German camomile, wild camomile

Parts Used: Flowers

Active Compounds:  The flowers of chamomile provide 1-2% volatile oils containing alpha-bisabolol, alpha-bisabolol oxides A & B, and matricin (usually converted to chamazulene).

Other active constituents include the bioflavonoids apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin.

These active ingredients contribute to chamomile's anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and smooth muscle-relaxing effects, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract.


Chamomile has been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, mostly for gastrointestinal complaints. This practice continues today.

Chamomile was supposedly dedicated to the sun by the Egyptians because of its curative value in the treatment of ague. It is used in various parts of the world as a table tea. It was used to regulate monthly periods. It is splendid for kidneys, spleen, colds, bronchitis, bladder troubles, to expel worms, for argue, dropsy, and jaundice. The tea was believed to make an excellent wash for sore and weak eyes and also for other open sores and wounds.

Chamomile was used as a poultice for pains and swellings. Used for hysteria and nervous diseases, prevention of gangrene, for breaking up typhoid and in combination with bittersweet for bruises, sprains, calluses and corns.

Traditional Applications in Herbal Medicine:

Properties of Chamomile:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antiseptic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Carminative

Chamomile is useful in the treatment of:

  • Blocked tear duct
  • Canker sores (mouth ulcers)
  • Colic
  • Diarrhea
  • Eczema
  • Gingivitis (periodontal disease)
  • Indigestion and heartburn
  • Insomnia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Skin irritations

Dosage: Chamomile is often taken as a tea that can be drunk three to four times daily between meals. Common alternatives are to use tablets, capsules, or tinctures. Many people take 2-3 grams of the capsules or tablets or 4-6 ml of the tincture three times per day between meals.

Home preparation: Approximately 1/2 ounce of flowers to a pint of water. Boil water separately and pour over the plant material and steep for 5 to 20 minutes, depending on the desired effect. Drink hot or warm, 1 to 2 cups or more per day.

Bath additive: Use 1 pound flowers with 5 quart cold water. Bring to a boil, then steep covered for 10 minutes. Strain and add to bath water. Used as a hair wash it will brighten the hair.

Rubbing Oil: Steep 1 oz fresh or dried flowers in olive oil for 24 hours or more. Strain before using.

FDA lists chamomile as generally regarded as safe. Consult a professional before using any herb.

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