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Botanicals: Burdock (Arctium lappa)
Burdock (Arctium lappa L.) is a herb with dock-shaped leaves, and fruiting heads covered with hooked spines or burrs, from which characteristics Burdock gets its name.
Burdock is native to Europe and Asia, and is found along fences, walls and roadsides. It is a short-lived perennial or biennial and plants growing to 2 m tall. Its leaves are large, ovate and petiolated with undulate margins, producing small tubular flowers red to purple in colour. The fruit is surrounded by hooded bracts and appear late summer to mid-autumn.
During the Middle Ages, Burdock was valued for treating a host of ailments. English herbalists used Burdock root for boils, scurvy, diabetes, and rheumatism. Burdock also played an important role in Native American herbal medicine, and American herbalists have used the roots and seeds of this plant for two centuries (UMM).
Burdock (Arctium lappa)
Biological Name: (Arctium lappa L.)
Other Names: Bardana, burr seed, clotbur, cocklebur, grass burdock, hardock, hareburr, hurrburr, turkey burrseed, Burdock, Niu bang zi.
Plant Parts Used: Root, Seed, Leaves
Burdock root contains high amounts of inulin and mucilage, which could explain its soothing effects on the gastro-intestinal tract. Bitter properties contained in the root may explain the traditional use of burdock's ability to improve digestive functions. It also contains polyacetylenes that have been shown to have anti-microbial activity. Burdock root and fruit also have the ability to slightly lower blood sugar.
Traditional Applications of Burdock in Herbal Medicine
Skin / dermatological disorders:
Cardio-vascular diseases / disorders:
Hepatic / Liver disorders:
Lung / Respiratory disorders:
Musculo-skeletal diseases / disorders:
Reproductive system disorders / diseases:
Gastro-Intestinal disorders / diseases:
According to Mrs Grieve from her book 'A Modern Herbal' (www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/mgmh.html):
Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
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